Create bootable USB flash drive with Rufus in Windows 7/8/10

Rufus is a nifty piece of software that helps you to create bootable USB drives. It’s lightweight, portable, easy to use, fast and open source! Just with a few clicks you can create Microsoft Windows, Linux, Unix and even FreeDOS bootable USB drives. The software supports both firmwares UEFI and legacy BIOS and also MBR and GPT partitioning schemes.

Test environment: Windows 10.0.16299 and Rufus 2.18.1213
Download: https://rufus.akeo.ie/
Source code: https://github.com/pbatard/rufus

Create the bootable USB drive

Create bootable USB drive with Rufus

1. Select the USB drive, make sure you don’t have important data. All the data on the drive will be destroyed.
2. Browse and select the image file.
3. Start!

ISO vs DD

ISO Image method allows you to use the entire capacity of the USB drive and files can be added or removed, recommended for Microsoft Windows and Linux (especially Live distros).
DD Image method will create an exact copy of the image file, the content will be copied byte by byte onto the USB drive. The file must be an ISOHybrid image. You won’t be able to use the entire capacity of the USB drive and operating systems like Microsoft Windows or macOS will not recognize it and you cannot add or remove files.

Tests

ISO Image method: Windows10_1709_16299_Fall.iso 3.54 GB (3,809,476,608 bytes) in 7 minutes and 44 seconds.
DD Image method: FreeBSD-11.1-RELEASE-amd64-memstick.img 736 MB (772,208,128 bytes) in 1 minute and 9 seconds.

Backup and restore PuTTY sessions

PuTTY saves the sessions and settings to Windows Registry, the backup can be made with graphical interface via Registry Editor or with Command Prompt.

Keys to backup
All = HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY
Sessions = HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\Sessions

Backup

Registry Editor
1. Open Registry Editor, press ⊞ Windows key + R and type regedit
2. Browse to the PuTTY key, right click and select “Export”.

Command Prompt
1. Open Command Prompt (cmd.exe) as Administrator and type the following commands.
2. Backup all

regedit /e C:\putty.reg HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY

3. Backup only sessions

regedit /e C:\putty-sessions.reg HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\SimonTatham\PuTTY\Sessions\

Restore

Open the saved .reg file or type the import command in Command Prompt ( as Administrator)

regedit /i c:\putty.reg